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Abortion Statistics

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Abortion statistics provide essential insights into reproductive health trends, policy impacts, and societal attitudes. This overview examines reported annual abortions in the United States from 1973, when the Supreme Court legalized abortion nationwide through Roe v. Wade, to 2019. The data primarily sourced from the Guttmacher Institute and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), highlights key trends and influential factors over nearly five decades.

Historical Context

  • 1973: Roe v. Wade legalizes abortion nationwide, significantly affecting the number of reported abortions.
  • 1992: Planned Parenthood v. Casey reaffirms Roe but allows more state regulation, influencing abortion access and rates.

Annual Abortion Statistics

  • 1973: Approximately 744,600 abortions reported.
  • 1975: Numbers increase to about 1,034,200.
  • 1980: Reported abortions peak at approximately 1,553,900.
  • 1985: Slight decline to around 1,588,600.
  • 1990: The number remains high at about 1,608,600.
  • 1995: Decline begins, with approximately 1,359,400 reported.
  • 2000: Further decrease to about 1,313,000.
  • 2005: Around 1,206,200 abortions reported.
  • 2010: Numbers drop to approximately 1,102,700.
  • 2015: Significant decline continues, with about 899,500 reported.
  • 2019: The latest data shows approximately 862,320 abortions.

Key Trends and Observations

  1. Peak and Decline: The highest number of reported abortions occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Since then, there has been a steady decline.
  2. Influencing Factors: Several factors have influenced these trends, including changes in contraception access, sexual education, state regulations, and societal attitudes towards abortion.
  3. State Regulations: Increased state-level restrictions and regulations have contributed to the declining number of abortions. These include mandatory waiting periods, parental consent laws, and restrictions on late-term abortions.
  4. Access to Contraception: Improved access to contraception and family planning services has also played a crucial role in reducing unintended pregnancies and, consequently, abortions.

Data Sources

  • Guttmacher Institute: Provides comprehensive data on abortion incidence and trends, often regarded as more complete due to its direct surveys of abortion providers.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Collects data from state health departments, though its data may be less complete due to variability in state reporting practices.


Understanding the trends in annual abortion statistics is essential for policymakers, healthcare providers, and advocacy groups. These data help inform debates on reproductive health policies, resource allocation for family planning services, and strategies to reduce unintended pregnancies.


Reported annual abortions in the United States have seen a significant decline from their peak in the early 1990s to 2019. This trend reflects the complex interplay of legal, social, and medical factors influencing reproductive health. Continued monitoring and analysis of abortion statistics are vital for shaping effective and informed reproductive health policies.


Chelsea Garcia is a political writer with a special interest in international relations and social issues. Events surrounding the war in Ukraine and the war in Israel are a major focus for political journalists. But as a former local reporter, she is also interested in national politics.

Chelsea Garcia studied media, communication and political science in Texas, USA, and learned the journalistic trade during an internship at a daily newspaper. In addition to her political writing, she is pursuing a master's degree in multimedia and writing at Texas.

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